Introduction to Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Complex

Ba Dinh Square and Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum at night - Hanoi tour

Ba Dinh Square and Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum at night

For many Vietnamese people, the complex of Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is a special place to pay a respect to the Hero of Vietnam – President Ho Chi Minh. Located to the west of the Hanoi’s Old Quarter, the complex comprises botanical gardens, monuments, memori­als and pagodas, which are usually crowded with groups of all ages, from all over the nation. A Hanoi tour to visit the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Complex is scheduled to stop at Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum, Ho Chi Minh’s Stilt House & the Presiden­tial Palace, the Ho Chi Minh Museum and One Pillar Pagoda.

Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

The mausoleum of Ho Chi Minh is a monumental marble edifice, which was constructed from materials gathered from all regions of Vietnam during 2 years from 1973 to 1975. Annually, it is closed for about two months while the embalmed body of President Ho Chi Minh goes to Russia for maintenance.

Visiting the mausoleum, you should dress modestly and maintain a respectful demeanor at all times as wearing shorts and tank tops is not permitted there. You are also advised to avoid putting your hands in pockets as well as to take of hats and leave your cameras and phones outside (at reception). Especially, you are strictly prohibited to take pictures inside the mausoleum.

Ho Chi Minh’s Stilt House

Ho Chi Minh's stilt house - Tour in Hanoi

Ho Chi Minh’s stilt house, where he lived from 1958 to 1969

Lying entirely in a well-tended garden, the stilt house was used to be the living place of Uncle Ho from 1958 to 1969. It is an interpretation of a traditional rural dwelling, and has been kept intact as Uncle Ho left it. In an adjacent building a sign proclaims, ‘Ho Chi Minh’s Used Cars’ – in reality, automobiles he used during his life.

Inside Uncle Ho's stilt house - Hanoi tour in half a day

Inside Uncle Ho’s stilt house

Uncle Ho's fish pond inside his Residence - Hanoi city tour in half-day

Uncle Ho’s fish pond inside his Residence

Presidential Palace

Built in 1906, the Presidential Palace was the Pal­ace of the Governor General of Indochina. Nowadays, it is used for official receptions and isn’t open to the public.

Ho Chi Minh Museum entrance gate - Hanoi tours

Ho Chi Minh Museum entrance gate

Ho Chi Minh Museum

The huge con­crete Soviet-style Ho Chi Minh Museum is a triumphalist monument dedicated to not only the life of the Great Hero of Vietnam but also the onward march of revolutionary social­ism. The museum is a place for displaying the mementos of Uncle Ho together with some fascinating photos and dusty official documents relating to the overthrow of the French and the rise of com­munism. You are forbidden to use your camera for taking pictures at the museum.

The Ho Chi Minh Museum needs to be discovered with a tour guide, so you are highly recommend taking a half-day culture tour in Hanoi for visiting well-known cultural attractions of Hanoi, including Ho Chi Minh Complex. Besides, the tour will lead you to the two others of Tran Quoc Pagoda and Temple of Literature.

One Pillar Pagoda

The One Pillar Pagoda was originally built in 1049 and by the Emperor Ly Thai Tong who ruled from 1028 to 1054, based on his dream of meeting Quan The Am Bo Tat. The pagoda is made of wood on a single stone pillar and architecturally designed to resemble a lotus blos­som, the symbol of purity, rising out of a sea of sorrow. In 1954, the One Pillar Pagoda was heavily destroyed by the bombs of French army. After that, the new Vietnamese Government rebuilt the pagoda.

(Source: Lonely Planet Guidebook – Edited by